[Playmaker] How to create automatic doors using Animator Controller’s animation control

In this article, I’ll explain how to create an automatic door that opens when the camera approaches using Animator Controller and Playmaker to control the animation.

サンプルGIF

Sample GIFs

You’ll be able to switch between animations using Playmaker, so I think it will help you to expand your imagination!

Preparation in advance

In this article we will use Playmaker.
You should install PlayMaker, a plugin for Unity, beforehand.

If you are using PlayMaker for the first time, please read the following articles to learn more about it.

Creating a door

First, we will create an empty GameObject.

Here, we will create the left and right door objects as children.

Ceate Emptyを選択

Select Empty Seat

Select the Plane from the 3D Object to create the floor.

Let’s set the Y-coordinate to -1 for the position of the plane as shown in the image.

HierarchyとPlaneのPosition

Hierarchy and Plane Position

Next, let’s generate one cube and change its size as shown in the image.

Name it “Right Door” so that you will know it’s the right door.

RightDoorを作成

Create a Right Door

Duplicate it and make the left door as well and name it “Left Door”.

Put these next to each other, and the door is ready.

LeftDoorを作成して並べます

Create a Left Door and line it up

Make sure that Game Objects are parent and child as shown in the image.

GameObjectの親子関係

Game Object (parent-child) relationships

Create an animation

Create an animation of a door opening or closing.
If you want to understand Unity’s animations, please check out the following article first.

Here are the three animations necessary for an automatic door

  • Animation of a door opening
  • Animation of a door closing
  • Animation of a stationary door

The left and right doors are placed together to create six animations in sequence.

Animation of the door on the right side

R_Open animation

Create an animation of opening the door on the right side.

First, select Right Door from the scene view and open the animation editor.

Press the “create” button to create an animation with the name “R_Open”.

createボタンを押してアニメーションを作成

Press the create button to create an animation

 

R_Openアニメーション

R_Open animation

Add the Position property and click the “0” mark on the key at 0:00 in “Position.x” and type “0”.

0:00の数値

Number is 0:00

Next, click on the “Position.x” key at 1:00 and type 1.

1:00の数値

Number is 1:00

Finally, open the animation inspector and uncheck the Loop Time to prevent the animation from looping.

Loop Timeのチェックを外す

Uncheck the Loop Time

R_Close animation

Create an animation of the closing door on the right side.

Add a new “R_Close” animation from Create New Clip.

Creat New Clipからアニメーションを追加

Add animation from Create New Clip

Add the Position property and enter the value of “Position.x”.

Since it’s the opposite of what we just saw, we’ll enter 1 for 0:00 and 0 for 1:00.

0:00の数値

Number of 0:00

 

1:00の数値

Number of 1:00

Uncheck the Loop Time so that it does not loop as well as R_Open.

R_Idle animation

Create an animation of the first state, the door, standing still.

Create a “R_Idle” animation from the Creat New Clip and add the Position property.

However, since we don’t need to add any movement, we leave the value at the default value of 0.

0:00の数値

Number of 0:00

Animation of the door on the left

Next, select Left Door from the scene view to open the animation editor.

LeftDooのアニメーションを作成

Create an animation of Left Door

Create three animations using the same procedure as the door on the right.

L_Open animation

Set the value of the Position property as shown in the image.

0:00の数値

Number of 0:00

 

1:00の数値

Number of 1:00

Don’t forget to uncheck the Loop Time of the animation.

L_Close animation

Set the value of the Position property as shown in the image.

0:00の数値

Number of 0:00

 

1:00の数値

Number of 1:00

Uncheck the animation’s Loop Time.

L_Idle animation

Set the value of the Position property as shown in the image.

0:00の数値

Number of 0:00

 

1:00の数値

Number of 1:00

Setting the animator

Now that we’ve finished animating the automatic door, we’ll use Animator Controller to set up the animation so that it can be switched.

If you want to understand the principle of work of Unity’s Animator Controller, please read the following article first.

In order to switch the animation, a “trigger” is required.

An automatic door opens when you “approach” the door and closes when you “leave” the door.

Please note there are two types of triggers: “approaching” and “leaving”.

The door is on the right

Create an AnimatorController file by selecting [Create] and [Animator Controller] from the Project view.

Let’s name the file “Right” so that we know that the animation on the right side of the door switches.

アニメーターファイルを作成

Create an animator file

Double-click on the Animator Controller file to display the Animator screen in the Scene screen.

The three animation states of R_Open, R_Close, and R_Idle that we made earlier are arranged as shown in the image.

アニメーションステートの配置図

Animation state arrangement diagram

Add a trigger

You can add a trigger by clicking on Trigger from the + button on the Parameter tab.

Let’s name your additions “Open Trigger”.

+ボタンからTriggerをクリック

Click on Trigger by pushing the + button

Add a “Close Trigger” trigger in the same way.

2つのトリガーを追加

Add two more triggers

Transition setting to R_Open

Select the arrow from R_Idle to R_Open to bring up the inspector.

Uncheck Has Exittime and set “Open Trigger” from Conditon’s +.

Now, when the Open Trigger is triggered, the door will start opening animation.

R_Openへの遷移設定

Transition setting to R_Open

Transition setting to R_Close

Select the arrow from R_Open to R_Close to display the inspector.

Uncheck “Has Exit time” and set “Close Trigger” from the Conditon’s +.

R_Closeへの遷移設定

Transition setting to R_Close

Set animators on objects

Finally, set the Right Animator file from inspector of Right Door.

inspectorの設定

Configuring the inspector

The door on the left

Create an animator file using the same steps as the right door and name it “Left”.

アニメーターファイルを作成

Create an animator file

Place the animation state in the same way as on the right.

Add a trigger

Add an “Open Trigger” and a “Close Trigger”.

2つのトリガーを追加

Add two more triggers

Setting the transition to L_Open

Select the arrow from L_Idle to L_Open, uncheck Has Exit Time, and set “Open Trigger” from the Conditon’s +.

L_Openへの遷移設定

Setting the transition to L_Open

Setting the transition to L_Close

Select the arrow from L_Open to L_Close, uncheck Has Exit Time, and set “Close Trigger” from the Conditon’s +.

L_Closeへの遷移設定

Setting the transition to L_Close

Set animators on objects

Set the Left animator file from the LeftDoor inspector.

inspecotの設定

Setting up the inspecot

Playmaker settings

In Playmaker, you can create a mechanism that triggers the animator when you approach or move away from an automatic door.

Specifically, the system acquires the position of the camera, measures the distance from the door, and switches the trigger that is triggered according to the distance.

If you want to understand the basics of how Playmaker works, please read this article.

Overall structure of the FSM

Let’s start with an image of a completed drawing.

The overall structure of the FSM, events, and variable settings are as follows.

FSMの全体構造

Overall structure of the FSM

 

イベントタブ

Events Tab

 

使用する変数

Variables to use

 

Setting the Set State

Right-click in the GameObject’s Playmaker window and add an FSM.

FSMの追加

Adding the FSM

Change the state name to Set.

ステート名をSetに変更

Change the state name to Set

“Get Main Camera” action is added

Add an action browser as shown in the image.

Search for the action you want to add, select it and state it.

Set the variable “Main Camera” as shown in the image.

This allows you to income the position of the camera.

Setステートの設定

Setting the Set State

Configuring the Idle State

Right-click to add a state and change the state name to Idle.

“Get Distance” action is added

This will measure the distance between GameObject and Main Camera and set it to a variable called “Distance”.

“Float Compare” action is added

The event will happen when Distance is less than 2.

That is, when the Main Camera gets close to the GameObject by 2m, it transitions to the START event.

Idleステートの設定

Configuring the Idle State

Open State Configuration

Add a state and change the state name to Open.

“Set Animator Trigger” actions is added.

Activate the “Open Trigger” that we just set so that the RightDoor and LeftDoor opening animation will start.

Adding a “Get Distance” action

We will measure the distance between GameObject and Main Camera again and set it to the “Distance” variable.

Adding a “Float Compare” action

If the Main Camera is more than 2m away from the Game Object, it will transition to a CLOSE event.

Openステートの設定

Open State Configuration

Setting the Close State

Add a state and change the state name to Close.

Two “Set Animator Trigger” actions are added

When you activate the “Close Trigger” that we just set, the RightDoor and LeftDoor close animations will start.

“Get Distance” action is added

Measure the distance between GameObject and Main Camera and set it to the “Distance” variable.

Added a “Float Compare” action

If the Main Camera is more than 2m away from the Game Object, it will start its transition to a START event.

Close ステートの設定

Set the Close state

This is for the automatic door that opens when the camera approaches!

Press the play button in Unity to move the camera and the door will move.

完成したもの

The finished product

How to upload to STYLY

To upload an automatic door to STYLY, make the Game Object prefab, right click on the prefab and select “Upload prefab or scene”.

How to upload a prefab from Unity to STYLY is explained in the article below.

How to upload from Unity to STYLY.

Create a STYLY account

How to create an account.

How to upload to STYLY.

When you upload it, it looks like this.

STYLYへアップロード

Upload to STYLY

In the end

In this article, we created an automatic door using Animator Controller and Playmaker to control the animation.

In this case, the trigger was triggered by moving the camera, but if you use the Playmaker well, you can do a lot of things.

Hope you will enjoy your play!

 

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