Blender,

From the previous article

In this series, I introduce a workflow how to use Blender, make a simple model and upload it to STYLY for the beginners without any modelling experience.

This article follows the previous one. I explain the modelling of a duck potty over those two articles.

In the previous article, we have finished the outline of our duck potty.

前回の最後

The 3D model at the end of the previous article

 

The link to the previous article↓↓↓

https://styly.cc/?p=4977&preview=1&_ppp=03c3cfbfb0

 

This time, we make a face and colour the duck.

The modelling of a duck potty

Let’s colour it

Select the Duck Potty shaped and click the tab with pink-ish ball icon from the menu on the right and press the New button.

This tab adds a material so it’s the one for colouring.

マテリアルの追加

Add a new material

 

Once you clicked the New button, the window shown below appeared.

マテリアルの追加

Add a material

① A material is added. It’s renamed “body” to avoid confusion.

② You can change the colour here. Set it to white for the duck potty.

③ You can adjust Specular Shader. The intensity controls how glossy the surface looks.

 

You can colour the model in this way. By the way, you could also switch Viewport Shading mode to Material by the icon, surrounded by the red circle below,  in the menu at the bottom when you want to check the appearance of texture added or the effect of lighting later on.

3Dビューのシェーディング切り替え

Switch Viewport Shading mode

Basically, I recommend to use Solid mode or, in some cases, Wireframe mode for modelling work itself.

You can switch between Solid and Wireframe mode by Z key.

 

Draw a face

We are almost there. We need a face to finish up our duck potty. Let make it has eyes and a mouth.

Let’s draw the eyes first!

If you are in Edit mode, switch to Object Mode.

As a new primitive will be created at where 3D cursor (red-white ring) is, you need to reset 3D cursor back to the centre by Shift+S > Cursor to Center. Keep the duck aside a bit for the moment.

Next, select Circle from Create in the menu on the left. A circle has been created.

Switching to Edit mode, select Vertex in Selection Mode at the bottom.

Press “F” key with all points selected (if they aren’t, you can select all by “A” key).

A face has been created to fill the hole.

Fキーで埋める

Filled by F key

“F” key fills the area surrounded by points if you selected more than three points.

Now, you turn it by 90 degrees, paint with black, and moved to where your duck potty is. Adjust it to a relevant size.

Once you copy it by Shift+D, you will complete the eyes

おめめの完成

The shape of the eyes is now completed.

By the way, as I just moved the eyes to a nice-looking position, you would find they are not on the body when viewed from the side. Sorry! But, it still looks pretty in a way.

Next, we draw a mouth.

I created a new primitive last time after switching Edit mode to Object mode. It was because, in Edit mode, a new primitive is added to the existing objects as one single group.

Although I put the potty and the face together at the final stage anyway, it is not convenient to group all objects together at first place, for editing, moving and scaling them.

So I prefer to make it as a separate object at the beginning.

Let’s create a cube in Object mode then.

After scaling down it along X-axis, switch back to Edit mode and select the face perpendicular to Y-axis.

X軸を縮小し、Y軸側の面を選択

Scale down it along X-axis and select the face perpendicular to Y-axis

 

It’s time to set a modifier. You remember that you can add a modifier by the”Spanner” button in the menu on the right.

Select Mirror under Add Modifier.

You just need to check the box for Y-axis this time.

Y軸だけチェック

Check the box for Y-axis

 

Then, extrude the face selected earlier. Do you see any difference? Yes, now you can see the face on the opposite side is also extruded.

ミラーモディファイア

Mirror Modifier

 

Mirror Modifier allows you to edit features symmetrically to the axis selected.  I don’t need to do the same job twice for the opposite side and it makes feature precisely symmetrical. It’s handy, isn’t it?

After creating the shape as shown the below, press Apply in Mirror Modifier window.

あひるさんのおくち

The mouth shape of the duck

 

Once you copy and flip it and then colour it with yellow,  the mouth will be completed. Join them together to one single object by Ctrl+J.

あひるさんのお口

The mouth shape for the duck – completed

 

By the way, you can colour them all at once by assigning a material if you join the upper and lower mouth to one object at first.

If you keep the upper and the lower as separate objects, it’s handy to use “material icon” (the one surrounded by red circle below), which allows you to select one from all materials you made so far.

一度作ったマテリアルを適用

Select a material from all materials you made so far

 

Once the mouth is completed, move it to a nice-looking position on the face of the duck.

And then, keeping the eyes aside, select the mouth and the body and join them together by Ctrl+J.

What’s happened? Yes, now you see the edges of the mouth are smoothed up.

柔らかくなったお口

The mouth is smoothed.

 

This is because the Subdivision Surface Modifier set to the body has also been applied to the mouth, which is now joined to the body as the same object. OK. Finally, you can press the Apply button in the Subdivision Surface Modifier window.

By the way, a modifier is not applied to the joined object if you applied the modifier at first.

As you don’t need to smooth the eyes, you can join them to the body after applying the modifier.

Please pay attention to the timing when you apply a modifier as shown in this example.

For those who applied the modifier to the body before joining the mouth to it, you could apply the Subdivision Surface Modifier to the mouth and then join it to the body.

 

Let’s add optional features

Now, your duck potty is completed!

You can still add a handle or wheels as you like!

If you are interested in, this is how I made them.

Handle : Create a cylinder and extend it. Colour it with the same colour as the mouth.

Wheels : Similar to the case for eyes, create a circle and fill it by “F” key. Extrude it and colour it with black. Make two and attach them at both ends of an extended cylinder with coloured with grey. All done.

 

In addition, you can paint each face with a different colour.

Select the face you change to a different colour, and, in Material window:

① Select the colour you want to apply (In this example, there are three materials for the body, the mouth and the eyes. You can add more by “+” button).

② You can colour the selected face by pressing “Assign”.

マテリアルの割り当て

Assign a material

 

It would be cool if you add a stylish stripe on the potty.

I wonder if you would add a logo. I plan to post an article about Texture next time. Please wait for it.

 

You will find you can make a lot of stuff just by the operations you learned in this duck-potty modelling.

Please try to make various models!

Upload your model to STYLY

Export the model

Have you made your own duck potty?

Now, let’s export the model to STYLY!

Make sure that all optional features like wheels are joined to the body as the same object.

And, selecting the completed model:

Select File in the menu on the top > Export > FBX(.fbx).

書き出し画面

“Export” window

 

The export completed! Open STYLY.

 

Upload to STYLY

STYLYへのアップロード

Upload to STYLY

 

Access to STYLY and open STYLY Editor.

— How to make a STYLY account >> https://styly.cc/manual/styly-account-create/

Once STYLY Editor is up, upload the model exported earlier by selecting Assets > 3D Model > Upload.

When the upload is done, the status in Processing Status is changed to “Completed”.

The uploaded 3D-character data is in “My Models”. Click it to place in the space.

— How to publish the scene >>https://styly.cc/manual/scene-create-tutorial/

 

STYLYへのアップロード完了

The upload to STYLY completed.

 

You can visit the shown room  above at the URL below:

http://gallery.styly.cc/Maple/8f5fef37-0fd0-11e8-af2f-fb1a918a0060

You also meet the panda and the (rabbit) panda in the previous posts…

 

The duck potty in this article made an appearance in my Vtuber video.

I am more than happy if you watch it! ↓↓↓↓↓↓↓↓↓↓↓↓

 

Shortcuts and technical terms in this article

Technical terms

・Material: A parameter defines the appearance of meshes such as colour.

・Viewport Shading: It allows you to switch View mode to Solid or Material etc.

・Mirror Modifier: it allows you to edit features symmetrically to the selected axis.

 

Shortcuts

・Z: Switch between Solid and Wireframe mode in 3D View Shading mode

・Shift+S > Cursor to Center: Resetting 3D cursor back to the origin

・F: Fill

・Shift+D: Duplicate

・Ctrl+J: Join objects

めーぷる

1994年生まれ。大阪府出身。 立命館大学 映像学部を卒業後、ビービーメディア株式会社にプログラマーとして入社。アイドルになりたいと思いながら日々XRの制作に携わっています。

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About STYLY

STYLY is a cloud-based service for creating high quality,beautiful VR spaces that doesn’t require any coding. By using STYLY, creators can express their imaginations indefinitely and build a variety of virtual spaces. Through these spaces, we can share experiences that are unachievable in the real world.